20 Dec Milestones of aeronautics
April 8, 1843
Mr. Henson is considering an aerial machine. Specifically a steam engine that can move in the air according to his driver.
June 20, 1891
Mr Ader flew for the first time a machine for several hundred meters. Ader’s machine from a sketch of an eyewitness experience.
July 2, 1900
The Tale Ferdinand Von Zeppelin’s successful first flight of its LZ1 over Lake Constance..
The brothers Orville and Wilbur Wright successfully try their first glider at Kitty Hawk EU
The Brazilian aviator Alberto Santos-Dumont won the Deutsch de la Meurthe prize, thanks to his airship
The American Orville Wright made the first record of flight time.
October 3, 1906
The aviator Santos-Dumont won the cup Ernest Archdeacon.
July 1, 1907
The first military air unit is implemented in the United States on the initiative of the Wright brothers.
October 26, 1907
Henri Farman holds the record for distance and speed by traversing 2526.24 foots in 52 seconds on a Voisin plane.
November 9, 1907
Henri Farman won the Deutsch-Archdeacon Cup after flying in a straight line a distance of 3379.26 foots in 1’44 “.
May 14, 1908
Wilbur Wright makes the U.S. the world’s first flight with a passenger.
September 14, 1908
Wilbur Wright beat the record distance and time by traversing 73272 yard in 1hour 31’25 “.
July 25, 1909
Louis Bleriot made the first canal crossing, connecting Calais Northfall Meadow in 38 minutes.
August 22, 1909
Great week of aviation at the aerodrome Reims-Betheny: Hubert Latham beat the altitude record by climbing to 508.5 fts. Henri Farman improves the length-of-flight (3hours 5 ‘) and American Glenn Hammond Curtiss won the Gordon Bennett Cup and beat the speed record by reaching 46 mph.
October 10, 1909
Foundation of the Compagnie Generale Trans-Saharan Africa, the first French aerospace company.
March 28, 1910
First flight by seaplane made on the Etang de Berre by Henri Fabre.
May 18, 1910
In Paris held the first international conference on aerial navigation.
June 9, 1910
Start of military aviation in France with the first raid by the officers and Charles Albert Fequant Marconet of Chalons sur Marne camp at Vincennes on a Farman .. Below, the position occupied by the two officers on their airplane (two trumpets allowed them to talk and hear over the noise of the engine map was prepared under the eyes of the observer, on the back of driver) ..
September 23, 1910
The French Geo Chavez made the first crossing of the Alps by monoplane but the aircraft crashed on landing. The driver died on the 27th of his injuries.
December 3, 1910
On board a Bleriot, the French driver beats the Geo Legagneux altitude record by climbing to 10170 fts.
December 18, 1910
At Etampes, the French aviator Henri Farman beats the record of flight time, taking the air just over eight hours.
December 30, 1910
At Etampes, distance record beaten by the French Maurice Tabuteau covering 326 miles aboard a Farman.
February 18, 1911
First Flight airmail: French pilot Henri Pequet transports mail from Allahabad to Nani in India.
May 31, 1911
Opening in Paris the first International Congress of Aviation Regulation.
July 6, 1911
Andrew Beaumont won Roland Garros before the European circuit, air race in seventeen steps through France, Britain and Belgium.
September 3, 1911
Altitude record beaten by the French aviator Roland Garros, which rises to 16273 ft on a Bleriot.
November 1, 1911
First air raid conducted by the Italian Guilio Guidotti officer on the front of Tripoli.
March 1, 1912
The American Albert Berry made the first parachute jump.
April 13, 1912
Created in Britain’s Royal Flying Corps, which organizes military aeronautics.
Deperdussin on, the French driver Maurice Prevost on a flight from Paris to London with passengers.
May 30, 1912
Died in Dayton (Ohio) pioneer of American aviation Wilbur Wright.
August 7, 1912
The regulation of air navigation in the Paris at France prohibits the landing of aircraft in the capital.
September 9, 1912
In the U.S., won the French Jules Vedrines Gordon-Bennett Cup, beating the speed record on a Deperdussin (104,26 mph).
October 26, 1912
Inauguration in Paris aviation airshow or a biplane with a machine gun on the hood makes the event.
December 7, 1912
In Tunis, Roland Garros beat the world record in altitude amounting to 3.5 miles.
July 2, 1913
French aviator Marcel Brindejonc de Moulinais is triumphantly welcomed in France after traveling 3000 miles across Europe.
August 19, 1913
French aviator Adolphe Pégoud is parachuted to 273 yards using an ejector system installed on the fuselage of the aircraft.
August 27, 1913
First performed in Russia by looping on a Nieuport IV Nesterov.
September 1, 1913
First crossing of the Mediterranean by Roland Garros on a Morane-Saulnier H in 7 h 53 ‘.
27-29 September 1913
The French Marcel Prévost beat the speed record by reaching 127 mph with the monoplane built by the engineer Béchereau.
January 1, 1914
The American seaplane Benoit XIV opened the first regular passenger service in the world by opening the route between St. Petersburg and Tampa (Florida).
June 9, 1914
The French Eugene Gilbert performs a Tour de France of 1864 miles in 39 hours35’42 “.
The German Reinholt Bohm beats the record of flight time taking air 24h12 ‘on an Albatros.
October 5, 1914
First aerial dogfight of the war nearly Kidneys: the French pilots and Frantz Quenault on a neighbor shoot a rifle a German two-seater Aviatik. Below is an aerial dogfight, continued in the sky (Biplane French and German biplane left to right):
February 1, 1915
The first aircraft armed with a machine gun, the Vickers FB 5, equip a fighter squadron of the British Royal Flying Corps.
April 9, 1915
In Germany, the first giant airship, the Zeppelin R, made its maiden flight.
May 27, 1915
First operation of the bombardment group consisting of GB1 Neighbors have a targeting system and bomb racks. The 18 aircraft bombed the chemical plant in Ludwigshafen, in the Bavarian Palatinate.
August 20, 1915
The twin-engine bomber Italian Caproni Ca-2 made its first bombing on Austria-Hungary, Aizovizza.
May 2, 1916
Entry into service in the French squadron 57, the Nieuport 17 fighter plane equipped with a synchronized Vickers machine gun.
June 20, 1916
First flight of a thousand miles in a straight line made by Nancy to Cholm (Poland) by the French Lieutenant Marchal on a Nieuport. It flies over Berlin to launch leaflets.
March 8, 1917
Death in Charlottenburg of the German industrialist Ferdinand von Zeppelin who devoted himself to the construction of airships that bear his name.
June 7, 1917
French aviator Captain Guynemer was promoted after winning 45 victories approved and was awarded the ” Légion d’Honneur.”
August 18, 1917
The first radio link between an aircraft and a ground station is performed in Virginia.
The German fighter Fokker DR1 enters service in Kortrijk.
September 11, 1917
Death on the front near the officer Poelkapelle Guynemer French aviator. Below the last flight of Captain Guynemer:
April 1, 1918
The Royal Flying Corps and Royal Naval Air Service merged to form the Royal Air Force (RAF).
April 22, 1918
Death of the German pilot Manfred von Richthofen, nicknamed the Red Baron (80 wins).
May 15, 1918
Opening of a regular postal air service between New York and Washington
First experience of a postal air service between Nice and Corsica.
July 7, 1918
First air link between London and Cairo.
August 17, 1918
Opening of a line airmail between Paris and Saint-Nazaire.
October 7, 1918
Death near Vouziers in aerial combat of the aviator Roland Garros.
February 8, 1919
French aviator Henri Farman inaugurated commercial air line between Paris and London on a Goliath.
February 22, 1919
Creation in France of the Courier Company.
March 22, 1919
Commissioning of the first line of air transport between Paris and Brussels.
July 6, 1919
Flying the airship R-34, Major Scott and his crew arrived near New York, Minola, after flying over the Atlantic after 108 hours 12 min. ‘navigation time record of distance and duration .
August 25, 1919
Inauguration of the commercial airline between Paris and London.
September 1, 1919
Didier Daurat, French pilot, made the first airmail flight from Toulouse to Barcelona aboard a Breguet.
October 7, 1919
Creation of the Dutch Airviation KLM.
Aboard a Caudron G-4, Stephen Chicken tries the longest bombing raid ever carried from Paris to Melbourne. It will arise in Rangoon, Burma.
January 20, 1920
Creation in France a Undersecretariat for aviation and air transport under the direction of Pierre-Etienne Flandin.
May 7, 1920
The Farman brothers created the Societe Generale of aviation transport.
Invention of the articulated rotor blade flapping, and dragged by the Spaniard Juan de la Cierva, for its gyroplanes, helicopters allows the production of reliable, with also benefit relief structures and engines.
May 29, 1927
Lindbergh crossed the Atlantic from New York to Paris non-stop with the Spirit of St. Louis
Charles Lindbergh and his famous spirit saint louis
September 30, 1929
First flight of a jet aircraft powered by 16 solid rocket, piloted by Fritz von Opel. In 75 seconds, the aircraft traveled 1500 meters to 160 km / h.
October 6, 1929
The French aviators Dieudonne Costes and Maurice Bellonte beat the world record for distance in a straight line by flying nonstop to Le Bourget Tsitsikar (Manchuria)
First flight instruments (altimeters, gyrocompass, DF) in the United States.
February 8, 1930
On board a Breguet, the French Dieudonne Costes and Paul Codos beat the world records for flight duration and distance traveled in a closed circuit (3275 km).
May 1, 1930
On board a Farman, the German Lena Bernstein breaks the women’s world record time held by the French Maryse Bastie.
May 13, 1930
Jean Mermoz established the first airmail connection between France and South America.
August 14, 1930
Captain Hawks beat the record held by Lindbergh linking California to New York in 12 hours55’30 “.
September 2, 1930
By linking Paris to New York in 37 hours 18 min ‘aboard their Breguet, the Point-d’Interrogation, French aviators Dieudonne Costes and Maurice Bellonte perform the first air crossing of the North Atlantic from east to west and renew the feat in the opposite direction of Charles Lindbergh.
September 3, 1930
With a flight of 37hours 28 min 57 sec, the French Maryse Bastie beats the female world record flight duration for light aircraft in a closed circuit.
March 1, 1931
Looking through 5471 miles in 75 hours 23 sec aboard their Bleriot, the French Lucien Bossurot and Maurice Rossi realize a new world record flight duration closed circuit.
June 28, 1931
Party at Le Bourget, the French Maryse Bastie beats the female world record distance in a straight line for light aircraft after traveling nearly 3,000 miles before landing in the Soviet Union.
October 5, 1931
By linking Japan to the United States, Americans Panghorn Clyde and Hugh Herndorn realize the first nonstop crossing of the Pacific.
March 7, 1932
A three-engined French succeeded for the first time to link France to New Caledonia.
April 27, 1932
The British airline Imperial Airways opens the London-Cape Town, the longest to date.
May 21, 1932
The American Amelia Earhart makes the crossing of the North Atlantic, Newfoundland to Londonderry, Ireland, 2:54 p.m. ‘. Below, it descends from his plane:
June 20, 1932
The French aviators Girier Rignot and connect Paris to Tehran nonstop.
July 24, 1932
Death to the Rio aviator Alberto Santo-Dumont, a pioneer of aviation.
August 7, 1932
Louise Thaden and Frances Marsalis beat the female world record time in taking a flight of 196 hours nonstop.
September 3, 1932
The American James Doolittle beats the world aviation record speed average of 295 Mph.
January 16, 1933
Jean Mermoz opens a new line of airmail Saint Louis in Senegal to Natal.
February 8, 1933: The British and Gayford Nicholetts beat the world record for distance without performing the binding step Cranwell (Great Britain) – Walvis Bay (South Africa) in 57 hours.
April 3, 1933
Mount Everest is flown for the first time by the British Clydescale, Mac Intyre and Blacker.
The French Maryse Hilsz connects Paris to Tokyo in ten days.
July 22, 1933
The American Hardemam Wiley Post made the first solo round the world in ten steps.
April 13, 1934
The world record altitude is beaten by the Italian René Donati on a Caproni 114 (14,433 m).
May 28, 1934
On board a 110 Bleriot, the French Maurice Rossi and Paul Codos realize crossing the North Atlantic.
Jean Mermoz performs the first commercial regular between Paris and Buenos Aires.
October 20, 1934
Start of the first major air race on the route London-Melbourne. The DH 88 Comet de Havilland won the event in 70 h 54 ‘in front of a Douglas DC-2 and a Boeing 247.
April 2, 1935
First direct air link between Paris and Algiers.
The “Southern Cross” beats the world record for distance by seaplane.
August 2, 1935
Jean Mermoz links Paris to Dakar 3:41 p.m., before crossing the South Atlantic aboard the seaplane Santos-Dumont.
September 15, 1935
The American aviator Howard Hughes beats the United States the world record by flying at a speed average speed of 351 miles.
October 9, 1935
Inauguration of the airline Algiers-Tananarive (now Antananarivo, capital of Madagascar).
December 10, 1935
First test flight of the commercial airliner American Douglas DC3.
December 6, 1936
Death during the crossing Dakar-Natal with the crew of the Southern Cross of the aviator Jean Mermoz, pioneer airmail.
Death in Croydon by the Spanish engineer Juan de la Cierva, inventor of the autogyro.
January 19, 1937
Howard Hughes connects Los Angeles to New York in 7AM22 ‘.
September 8, 1937
The French Madelaine Charmaux beats the world record for speed in covering the distance of 1000 km to the average of 264 km / h.
October 26, 1937
By linking Morocco to Brazil aboard the seaplane Latécoère Navy Lieutenant Paris, Henri Guillaumet beats the world record for distance in a straight line.
December 23, 1937
Marise Hilsz beat the speed record held by Andrew Japy linking Paris to Saigon in less than four days.
January 26, 1938
the price-Deutsh Henry de la Meurthe-1937 is awarded to Andre for his raid Japy Istres-Djibouti.
March 27, 1938
Lufthansa opens the Berlin-Baghdad, to date the longest and fastest.
May 11, 1938
Commissioned by Pan American Airways in the first regular postal service in the North Atlantic between New York and Marseille.
July 14, 1938
Howard Hughes performs the world tour with stops in 3 days 19h 14 ‘.
August 10, 1938
Air France has regular service linking Hong Kong-Marseille. The trip takes five days.
August 20, 1938
The American Howard Hughes beat the speed record at altitude across the United States to 9000 meters in 10h 35 ‘.
June 28, 1939
First transatlantic flight with passengers Port Washington to Marseille on a four-engine Boeing 314 aircraft.
July 15, 1939
The French Lieutenant Navy seaplane Paris realizes for the first time the France – United States 28h30 with passengers’ non-stop.
February 17, 1942
First flight of U.S. aircraft DC4 which the military version is called C54 Skymaster.
April 13, 1942
First use of an ejection seat compressed air. built by the German Heinkel. It is used by the commander of a fighter. He 280 who managed to eject from his aircraft over 2000 m altitude.
April 18, 1942
James Doolittle’ raid against Tokyo after Pearl harbor attack
May 29, 1942
In Australia, development of the first model of CA 12 Boomerang, comparable to the Japanese aircraft for its tactical possibilities. It was built in a hurry (5 months) when Australia feared a Japanese invasion.
In Britain, the first use of a night fighter equipped with radar, the MK II Haviland Mosquito.
Commissioning of the first examples of German fighter-bomber Focke FW 190F, which will remain until the end of the conflict one of the flagships of the German Air Force.
January 9, 1943
First flight of the Lockheed Constellation in California, for transportation of passengers and cargo, a power of 2000 hp.
- From California to NYC
July 30, 1943
Britain ejection seat test driven by an explosive charge. This device surpasses the pressurized air.
- Canadian air force ejection seat test example
December 1, 1943
Commissioning in the 8 th Air Force’s fighter MK3 Mustang, considered the best of the war. Result of a US-British cooperation, it is equipped with a Rolls Royce-Merlin.
- Air Force’s fighter Mustang
July 28, 1944
First battle of the Messerschmitt Me 163.
July 31, 1944
mysterious disappearance of Antoine de Saint Exupery in the Mediterranean. Pilot and writer, he entered the Air Force in 1921 and became an airline pilot in 1926 and, as such, carried out the first long-haul flights of aviation history. Remain his most famous work “The Little Prince” (1943)
- Lockheed-P38-Lightning-USAF piloted by Saint Exupery
August 8, 1946
First flight of the B36 bomber, the largest ever built.
- B36 World Largest Bomb doors
December 10, 1946
Launch based on Muroc Lake, California, the Bell X-1, the first American rocket plane. it will reach a speed greater than 1677.70 mph.
- A bomber drops a Bell X1 flight altitude in order to avoid over-consumption due to a takeoff
June 19, 1947
For the first time an aircraft exceeds the speed of 621.37 mph, this is a Lockkeed P80.
September 22, 1947
A plane crosses the Atlantic Skymaster flown by radio, with fourteen men on board.
October 14, 1947
For the first time, an inhabited crosses the “sound barrier” to a plane X 1, Capt. Charles Yeager reached a speed greater than 745.64 mile per hour.
April 28, 1948
First commercial flight non-stop between Paris and New York. It is performed by a constellation.
May 27, 1955
First successful test flight of the Caravelle.
March 30, 1961
The American plane X-15 sets new speed record: 2650 Mph.
November 29, 1962
France and Britain sign agreement for joint construction of a supersonic airliner: the Concorde.
September 8, 1967
Agreement for the construction of the Airbus between France, Britain and West Germany.
December 31, 1968
First experimental flight of the supersonic jet Soviet Tupolev 144.
February 9, 1969
First test flight of the largest airliner, the Boeing 747 Jumbo Jet . First long-haul high capacity.
March 2, 1969
First experimental flight of the Concorde at Toulouse-Blagnac
October 1, 1969
The 001 matches for the first time crossed the sound barrier.
April 9, 1970
The first Boeing 747 is delivered to Air France for the Paris-New York.
- 747 will become the most efficient Airbus of his generation. 4 turbines.
August 30, 1970
In New York, the latest jet aircraft for McDonnell-Douglas Corporation, the DC10, made its maiden flight.
- DC 10 Mc Donnell Douglas firefighter. Very powerful with 3 Turbo- engining
September 21, 1971
The Franco-British supersonic Concorde 01 left the workshop of the British Aircraft Corporation Arsenal. It can reach Mach 2 :1367 Mph)
December 25, 1973
Commissioning of the French Mirage F1 fighter.
- Mirage F1CR on flight
January 21, 1976
First commercial flight of Concorde in Paris-London-Bahrain and Rio. The Paris-Washington will be restored May 24. The French aviator Fronval beats the world record by performing acrobatics over 900 consecutive loops.
- Concorde crashed summer in July 25 in Roissy International important. This was the beginning of the end for the supersonic
First commercial flight of TU-114 (Tupolev 114). He ceased to be used in 1978 because of technical problems.
March 11, 1978
In France, the first flight of the Mirage 2000.
- French Jet fighter Mirage 2000 G
First flight of the F117 A first reconnaissance aircraft and bomber stealth .
July 8, 1983
First flight of the Airbus A300-600 in Toulouse-Blagnac .
- A300-600 first flight Toulouse Blagnac
March 12, 1984
Spain, France, Britain and the RAF launched the program to build an Airbus A320.
- Airbus A320 Dashboard in approach on ELISA motion airstrip
December 23, 1986
The American experimental aircraft Voyager manages around the world nonstop without refueling and has traveled 26097 miles and carried out nine days of flight.
Airbus is launching an ambitious project: creating a very large aircraft with two floors: the A3XX.
- Airbus A380 on ELISA
May 16, 2011
The hybrid helicopter Eurocopter X3, exceeded its target speed, crossing the milestone of 430 km / h (232 knots)
- Eurocopter designed the fastest 3-rotors in the world